Brahmā is the Hindu deva of
and one of the
He is the father of
Mānu, from whence all human beings are
Savitri is his second and
Gayatri his third. All his wives are
Vedic Goddesses and are revered as Vedamata
of the Vedas”.
At the beginning of the process of creation,
Prajapatis, who serve as fathers of the
human race. The Manusmriti lists them as
Marici, Atri, Angiras,
Pulastya, Pulaha, Kratuj,
Bhrigu, and Nārada.
also created the seven great sages (Saptarishi)
to help him create the infinite Universe. As
all his sons were born out of mind, they are
is self-born within the
and is also born in water (Kanja),
a seed that became the golden egg, from
Brahmā the Creator
emerged as Hiranyagarbha. The golden egg
expanded into the Brahmanda (Universe).
is also the son of the Supreme Being,
and the female energy known as Prakrti (Maya).
is clad in
and is traditionally depicted with four
heads, four faces and four
continually recites one of the four Vedas
with each of his four heads. He is often
depicted with a white beard, indicating the
of his existence. In his hands,
holds a sceptre and a bow.
The Four Hands
four arms represent the
four cardinal directions:
North, East, South, and West. The back-right
the back-left hand represents
the front-right hand is
and the front-left hand is
The Prayer beads
- Symbolize the substances used in the
process of creation called “akshamālā” (garland
– Is the eternal symbol of
- Symbolizes activity; the golden face of
indicates that He is actively involved in
the process of
creating the Universe.
- The swan is the symbol of
uses the swan as his vāhana
crown indicates His
- The lotus symbolizes
and the living essence of all things and
beings in the Universe.
black/white beard denotes
and the eternal process of
The Four Faces
– Symbolize the four Vedas (Rik,
Sāma, Yajuh and Atharva).
is the form of Paramatma (supreme
and Parameshwara (supreme
the all-encompassing essence of Beings in
the master of
past, future and present.
He is the One who supports,
and governs the Universe, developing and
nurturing all elements within and without.
is known as the “Preserver
of the Universe”.
In the Puranas,
is cloaked with the divine colour of
water filled clouds,
has four arms, and holds a lotus,
mace, conch (shankha) and
is blessed with having “Universal
beyond the limits
of perception and imagination.
comes from the root
and also holds within his divine form the
is not limited by space, time nor substance,
as his infinite sparkle shines as a glowing
auric rainbow, penetrating all the layers of
realms of the Beholder.
The following six qualities of
- the power to know about
- derived from the
rule over all.
- the power to make the
- the capacity to
everything by will, without fatigue.
- indicates the power to
as the supreme Being as well as being the
material cause of mutable creations.
There are ten avatars (dashavatara)
considered as the most prominent:
- the fish that kills
Damanaka to save
Vedas and mankind.
that helps the Devas and
Asuras churn the ocean for the nectar of
that rescues the
- the One (half-Lion half-Human)
who defeats the demon
(Nara - man, simha - lion).
that grows into a
to save the world from
Rama with the axe,
who appeared in the
Ramachandra, the prince and king
Ayodhya who kills the Demon Lord
- is the avatar of
on which supreme Lord
- (dark coloured and all attractive
within the existence of Bliss), who appears
Dwapara Yuga along with his brother
timeless and destroyer of time and “The
Destroyer of Foulness”),
who is expected to appear at the end of
Kali Yuga, the present time period.
(auspicious one) is the
living the form of a yogi who has perception
of the infinite strands of the Universe and
exists as the main facet of Life, who with
great power lives the
Life of a Sage
is represented as a handsome young man
immersed in deep meditation and dancing the
Tandava upon Apasmara,
the demon of ignorance in his manifestation
Nataraja, the Lord of the dance,
goodness, humility, and
all essence of divinity.
lives the embodiment of an
because of his authority over death, rebirth
and immortality. He is the father of
The Sanskrit word
gracious” and originates from the
Sanskrit śaiva (relating to the god Śhiva).
He has been identified with a host of Vedic
wears a deer in the left-upper hand,
and faces South. He has a
in the right-lower arm, with a crescent
moon on his head. He is said to be fair
like camphor and akin to an ice-clad
mountain. He possesses
and Damaru/Malu which is used for
He wears five serpents as ornaments and
garland of skulls.
With his feet he presses on the demon
Muyalaka, a dwarf holding a cobra.
is depicted with a
with which he burned Desire (Kāma) to
ashes, called “Tryambakam”. In Sanskrit, the
word ambaka denotes “an eye”, and in the
is depicted as
three-eyed, so his name can be translated as
“having three eyes”. In Vedic Sanskrit, the
word ambā/ambikā means “mother”, and this
early meaning of the word is the basis for
the translation “three mothers”. The three
mother-goddesses are collectively called the
wears on his head the
The origin of this flow is due to the
identification of the moon with
Soma, and there is a hymn in the Rig
Veda where Soma and Rudra are jointly
implored. The waxing and waning passage of
the moon symbolizes the time cycle through
which creation evolves from the beginning to
the end. Since
He is beyond time.
smears his body with ashes (bhasma)
return to the Earth
and Nature of all form and substance.
distinctive hair style is noted in the Jatin
epithets, “the one with matted hair”, and
Kapardin, “endowed with matted hair” and
also “wearing his hair wound in a braid in a
shell-like (kaparda) fashion”. A
is a cowrie shell, symbolizing the
eternal flow of Life.
Relates to the fifth Chakra,
Vishuddha, representing the Gateway
through consciousness in the forms of
ether, sound, vibration,
communication and the ever-flowing
beauty of Creativity.
The Ganges river flows from the matted hair
The flow of the Ganges also represents the
nectar of immortality.
He is often shown seated upon a
The Tiger is the Universal Archetype of
mastered all aspects of Fear.
is often shown flowing with snake medicine,
holding deer on one hand indicates that He
has removed the Chanchalata (tossing) of the
jumps from one place to another swiftly.
The mind also jumps from one object to
particular weapon is the
His Trisul that is held in His right hand
represents the three Gunas - Sattva,
Rajas and Tamas. This is the
emblem of sovereignty.
He rules the world through these three
Damaru in His left hand represents the
Sabda Brahman. It represents
from which all languages are formed. It is
He who formed the Sanskrit language out of
the Damaru sound.
Drum: A small drum shaped like an hourglass
is known as a damaru. This is one of the
in his famous dancing
representation known as
A specific mudra called damaru-hasta is used
to hold the drum, where the
beat of Nature
Nandī: Is the name of the bull that serves
mount. The bull has always been known for
ploughing forward with
The Ganas are attendants of
and live in Kailash. They are referred to as
the bhutaganas (ghostly
on account of their nature. Generally
benign, except when their lord is
transgressed against, they are often invoked
to intercede with the Lord on behalf of the
Beholder of Life.
Ganesha was chosen as their leader by
hence Ganesha's title gana-īśa -
of the ganas”.
Mount Kailash in the
traditional abode. In
Hindu mythology, Mount Kailāsa is conceived
as resembling a
Linga, representing the
center of the Universe.